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Two factors lie at the heart of today’s civic dysfunction

Most elections today are decided in the primary, the election generally with the lowest voter turnout. As a result, a small minority of voters decide the vast majority of elections. Candidates are forced to move further to partisan extremes to secure a win in the party primary, fueling political polarization and preventing constructive problem solving once elected.

Limited participation primary elections

Currently, voters are able to express only a single preference as they cast their vote. Many voters find this to be a choice between the lesser of two evils. Third-party and Independent candidates are seen as “spoilers”, allowing a candidate to win with less than 50% of the votes. With fewer candidates on the ballot, choice and competition are artificially minimized.

Single choice elections

Politicians who stake out extreme positions and reject bipartisan governance. In other words: GRIDLOCK.

The result of civic dysfunction

Simply put, if an elected official acts in the broad public interest, they are likely to lose their job in a party primary.

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